This book reviews and summarizes the progress and achievement in cartography and geographic information engineering in the past 6 decades since the founding of the Prc, covering all the aspects of theory, methods and techniques of the two subjects. It not only gives a general summary of the progress and achievement in the Cartography and Geographic Information Engineering, but also expounded on the advancement and achievement in 19 subjects including Theory of Cartography, Cartographic Projection, Map Design, Spatial Data Generalization, Thematic Cartography, Nautical Chart, Aeronautical Chart, Geo-information Graphic Analysis, Geographic Database, Digital Cartography, Map Publishing, Geographic Information System, Virtual Geographic Environment, Geographic Ontology, Special Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Spatial Data Uncertainty and Quality Control, Cartography and Standardization of Geographic Information System, and History of Cartography. Under the project of planned publishing of key books, audio-visual and electronic publications during the Twelfth Five-year Plan, the book was edited under the leadership and supervision of Wang Jiayao, member of Chinese Academy of Engineering and a famous Chinese cartographer and expert on geographic information engineering. Gao Jun, member of Chinese Academy of Sciences, wrote the preamble, while nearly 20 top scholars in cartography took part in the editorship of the book. The book describes the progress in over 60 years, gives detailed introduction to over 200 famous works and makes nearly 2000 references to major documents. It is a great work of high academic value and historic significance.