Also known as high blood glucose, high blood sugar, as the name implies, is when there is far too much blood to be found in a person’s blood. As glucose is one of the most common components of food and can, in fact, be found in most of the foods we eat. Not only that, it is the main source of energy for the cells found in our bodies and therefore incredibly necessary. It can be found formed and stored inside our bodies.
Also called hyperglycemia within the medical world, high blood glucose levels can happen on two occasions. If they have type 1 diabetes, which is when their bodies can’t make their own insulin or type 2 diabetes, which is when their bodies can make insulin, but fail to properly respond to it. Humans need insulin for glucose to enter their cells and form energy. For people with diabetes, the lack of insulin causes glucose to stay in the bloodstream, prompting hyperglycemia.
Why are High Blood Glucose Levels Bad?
Over a long period of time, this will ultimately cause serious health problems if left untreated. With high glucose levels left in the blood stream, the vessels that supply blood to vital organs can become damaged. People with high glucose levels are at more risk of strokes, heart disease, damages to sight, kidney disease, and nerve damage.
Causes of High Blood Glucose
Often, high blood glucose issues are only found in those that have diabetes. It can be avoided as long as patients take their medication regularly, eat the right food, and do the right amount of exercise, but it is said to be a balancing act. Contacting an illness such as the flu is a threat as well and the slightest bit of disruption can lead to the worst-case scenario.
Blood glucose levels can sometimes be higher than they’re meant to be, and one occurring every once in a while isn’t really a cause for concern. It’s when it’s usually too high that you will need to consult a doctor.
What Symptoms to Look Out For
Here are some of the signs of high blood glucose levels:
- Being unusually thirsty all the time.
- Frequent trips to the toilet.
- Feeling tired for no reason at all times.
- Weight loss even when your diet is unchanged.
If any of these symptoms show up, it might be a cause for concern.
Blood Sugar Level Ranges
People with diabetes might feel the need to do their own testing, and having the right equipment is only the first part. Blood sugar levels can be tested using a blood glucose meter, test strips, and a lancet device, all of which can be obtained as a kit.
The next is that they need to know the ranges that your blood sugar level should be in which can differ from everyone, their current health condition, and whether they are pregnant. The following is one of the recommended blood glucose levels that you should target: