Ingredients : Bambusa Vulgaris Leaf Extract, Aloe Maculata Leaf Extract, Alcohol, Glycerine, Scutellaria Baicalensis Root Extract, Paeonia Suffruticosa Root Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra Root Extract, Lactobacillus/Saururus Chinensis Leaf/Root Ferment Filtrate, Lactobacillus/Camelia Sinensis Leaf Ferment Filtrate, Lactobacillus/Dioscorea Opposita Root Ferment Filtrate, Lactobacillus/Angelica Keiskei Leaf/Stem Ferment Filtrate, Hottuynia Cordata Extract, Centella Asiatica Extract, Pyrus Malus Fruit Extract, Lactobacillus/Turmeric Ferment Filtrate, Caulerpa Lentillifera Extracat, Citrus Nobilis Peel Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia Oil, Rosmarinus Offcinalis Leaf Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia Oil, Aniba Rosaeodora Wood Oil, Fragrance, Bambusa Vulgaris Leaf. WHAT MAKES FERMENTED SKINCARE INGREDIENTS SPECIAL? 1. Fermented ingredients have a higher concentration of antioxidants and nutrients than non-fermented versions of the same ingredients. The fermentation process itself also produces additional skin-beneficial ingredients, such as amino acids and peptides. Additionally, fermentation helps break down the ingredients into more readily absorbed constituents, so the positive effects the ingredients have to offer are experienced more fully. 2. There's also early but promising scientific evidence that some lactobacillus ferments help treat and prevent acne and rosacea. The mechanism by which this is achieved is still being explored, but the speculation is that this effect is due to a combination of the protective, "shielding" effect lactobacillus provides for skin cells, the antibacterial effect of bacteriocin produced by lactobacillus, and the anti-inflammatory effect of lactobacillus.