Different Types of Paint and its Finishes
Paint is one of the most essential art supplies for any art enthusiasts out there. Choosing the right type of paint is important to ensure the highest quality of a piece of art. Different types of paint have different textures and finishes, so keep reading this guide to know all about craft paints and their variety.
This is the most common paint used by professional and amateur artists. It is called an oil paint because the color pigments are embedded in an oil. Usually, oils like linseed, walnut, and sunflower oils are used to produce this type of paint. It dries rather slowly but easy to be corrected. They are, however, very sensitive to light and can change color over time if exposed. One of the most famous oil paintings is The Little Street painted by Johannes Vermeer in 1658.
Another commonly-used paint, acrylic is the most cost-effective paint out of all the types. It can easily paint any materials like wood, canvas, and metal. It dries very quickly and the water base will evaporate as time goes by. After the base has evaporated, the leftover paint will be much less vulnerable and prone to influence from light, temperature, and humidity compared to oil painting. Andy Warhol is well-known for his acrylic paintings like the famous Marilyn Diptych 1962.
Often known as aquarelle, this type of paint is made from a water solution and gum arabic used as a binder. Thought to be used first by Egyptians on papyrus, it was then adapted by the Chinese and in Europe during the Renaissance. Watercolor paint tends to have a transparent finish so you need to pay more attention to the surface material that’s being used. German painter Albrecht Dürer was one of the first artists to create detailed paintings using watercolor. An example is his Young Hare painting from 1502.
This paint is similar to watercolor paint but possesses the same characteristics as acrylic paint. Gouache paint contains chalk for a more opaque and reflecting finish. Although heavier, gouache paint has a water base and is very sensitive to liquid. Henri Matisse, a French artist, painted Les Codomas in 1943 using gouache paint on paper.
Despite not classified as a paint, ink is still popular among artists. It does, however, provide a more creative finish to your art pieces. Ink was heavily-used in East-Asia, mainly for the purpose of calligraphy. Noted for the delicate brush strokes, calligraphy masters would spend years perfecting ink paintings. Ink was said to be able to capture the spirits and characteristics of the painters. One famous ink wash painting is the Autumn Landscape painted by Sesshū Tōyō.
If you still don’t know which craft paint to use for your next project, you can get some paint swatches to test out the different textures and finishes. To avoid blowing your budget, check out the offers that iPrice Philippines has on craft paints, brushes, and canvases.